South Dakota's Foremost Upland Hunting Destination

Safe Third Country Agreement

So far, the United States is the only third-country country classified as a safe third country. Canada has tried to stem the flow of asylum seekers who have flocked to the country since 2016, after Trump promised to take tough measures against illegal immigration. The government said the abolition of the agreement would result in an “inflow” of asylum seekers at the border, making it more difficult for several levels of government to maintain the existing refugee system, including the provision of housing and other social services. On January 30, 2017, critic Jenny Kwan of the New Democratic Party (PND) of IMMIGRATION, refugees and citizens of Canada (IRCC) proposed an emergency debate on “President Trump`s immigration and travel ban from seven countries in the Middle East and North Africa.” [17] During the debate, the NDP called on the government to immediately suspend the agreement on the security of third-country nationals, citing the fact that “Canada can no longer trust that the U.S. refugee system provides refuge for those at risk of persecution.” [18] The official Conservative Party of Canada has stated that it will not oppose the suspension of the agreement,[19] while the Green Party of Canada has expressed support for the suspension of the agreement. [20] The agreement means that Canada must reject anyone arriving from the United States to an official place of entry to prevent them from applying for refugees in Canada, as the United States is considered a “safe country” to make such an application. The Canadian government defended this measure on the basis of the argument that the United States has adopted a refugee rights policy similar to Canada`s (although Canada accepts more rights). The agreement had dramatic consequences: in 2005, Canada received just over 4,000 applications at the border, compared to about 8,900 applications filed in 2004. This agreement meant that Canada should reject anyone arriving at an official U.S. place of entry and prevent them from applying for refugees in Canada, as the United States is considered a “safe country” to make such an application. However, the claimants discovered a “loophole” in the agreement, which meant that if they arrived between the official ports of entry, they could apply to Canada.